1. ಜೈಮಿನಿ ಭಾರತ (Jaimini Bharata)
  2. jaimini BArata
  3. The Epic Bharata by Jaimini (Sanskrit Original)
  4. Lakshmesha (lakSmIsha)
  5. 16th century (1550 A.D.)
  6. Devanuru (dEvanUru) in Chikkamagalur district. (Surapura in Gulbarga district??)
  7. Brahmana
  8. None
  9. Karnata Kavichutavana Chaitra 2. Upamaa Lola
  10. Poetry
  11. Vardhaka Shatpadi
  12. Palm Leaf and Paper manuscripts
  13. 1848 (Stone Etching) 1875, Edited with Commentary Stone etching.
  14. Venkata Rango Katti (1875, Stone etched edition.), Holakal Srinivasa Pandita (1875, Printed Edition)
  15. Krishnaraja Mudrakshra Shaale, Mysore .
  16. 1. ‘Teeka Jaimini Bharatavu Edited with commentary and summary by B.M.Siddalinga Shastry, 1897, published by vanivilasa Book Depot, Bangalore 2. ‘Jaimini Bharata’ edited with commentary and summary by Dakshinamurthy Shastry in three volumes, 1888, Rajarajeshvari Mudrakshara Shaale, Bangalore 3. ‘Karnataka Jaimini Bharatavu’, edited by P.R.Karibasava Shastry, 1912, 4. Edited by Doddabele Narayana Shastry with word by word meaning and summary , 1912, T.N.Krshnaiah Shetty, Bangalore . 5. Edited by B.Bheemasena Rao, 1939, published by T.N.Krishnaaih Shetty, Bangalore 6. ‘Jaimini Bharata Sangraha’, Abridged version edited by De. Javaregowda, 1959, published by Vayaskara Shikshana Samiti, Mysore 7. B.S. Sannaiah and Rame Gowda, 1993, Mysore University , Mysore . (Many editions which have published this epic in parts and a few abridged versions are not mentioned here.)
  17. Jaimini Bharata was one of the most popular classics in Kannada during the nineteenth and the former half of the twentieth century. It was recited in many villages with the help of Gamaka tradition and mnay episodes in the work were perennial favorites even for dramatisation. Jaimini Bharata is a re creation of the Sanskrit work written by the sage Jaimini. This is not a verbatim translation by any strech of imagination and Lakshmeesha has made use of the poetic freddom to omit dry passages and include quite a few dimensions of his own. It contains 34 chapters constituiting 1936 poems in Vardhaka shatpadi. This work focuses on the story of Mahaharata after the ascension of Dharmaraya to the throne in the aftermath of the great war of Mahabharata. Actually Lakshmeesha has srived successfully to re establish the greatness of Krishna and to cut down arrogant warriors such as Arjuna to human size. Dharamaraya’s decision to perform the ‘Ashvamaedha Yaga’ and its consequences are delineated in great detail. Arujuna confronts many heroes who are more valiant than Arjuna but have absolute respect for Krishna. Sudhanava, Youvanashva, Hamsadhvaja, Chandrhasa and a host of others bring Arjuna to the brink of defeat. However he is saved by the grace of Krishna and learns the lesson of his life. Hence, Jaimini Bharata is essentially a product of the bhakti movement where Valour becomes secondary.However the popularity of ‘Jaimini Bhrata’ is an out come of the consummate skills shown by the poet in the handling of his themes. Jaimini Bharata is essentially a bunch of independent stories linked by Arjuna’s moorings across the country escorting the sacrificial horse. But it is more of a leisurely stroll rather than a hectic adventure. Lakshmeesha knows the art of narration and has a command over language. He has an eye for the bounties of nature and is veryconversant with human emotions. The episode on ‘Seetha Parityaga’ from Ramayana is heart rending and has an under current of feminism at least in the context of proper interpretation. His sense of humour is brought out in the episode of Chandi and Uddhalaka. The story of Chandrahasa is another favorite with Kannada readers. The poets finds sufficient space for veera,shrungara and bhakti and delineates all these ‘rasa’s very competently. The art of the poets is particualarly incandescent in his use of simelies and his abilty to create melody that is almost akin to music. He is called ‘upamalola’. Some of the best minds in Kannada such as Kuvempu, Bendre, Masti, Kurtakoti and C.N.ramachandran have writen extensively and insightfully on this work.
  18. References: 1. ‘Kavi Lakshmeesha’, 1933, Kannada Sangha, Chikkamagalur.

2. ‘Lakshmeesha’, 1955, (2nd Print) N.Anantarangachar, Prasaranga, Mysore University , Mysore .

3. ‘Kavi Lakshmeeshana Kavyalankara Vaihava’, R.N.Malagi, 1960

4. ‘Kavyavihara’, Kuvempu, Mysore

5. ‘Sahityada Virat Svaropa’, D.R.Bendre, 1975, Samaja Pustakalaya, Dharawada.

6. Lakshmeeshana Jaimini Bharata-ondu Adhyayana, Vamana D. Bendre, 1979, Geetha Book House, Mysore .

19. Links: 1. Jaimini Bharata - vaachana & vyaakyaana by Dr.Nagavalli Nagaraj ...

2. The Jaimini Bharata : celebrated Canarese poem.

3. Laksm¸sana Jaimini Bharata: Ondu adhyayana: Vamana D Bendre ...


  1. Translations:

1.      Jaimini Bharata’, a celebrated Canarese poem, with translation and notes by Daniel Anderson,(Wesleyan Missionary) 1852, Bangalore .



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