JOSHI SHAM. BA., 1896-1991
Shankararao Bala Deekshita Joshi, (shankararAv bALa dIkshita jOshi) (ಶಂಕರರಾವ್
ಬಾಳ ದೀಕ್ಷಿತ ಜೋಶಿ)
was a great scholar and an original thinker who has made seminal contributions to
the study of culture both in the context of Karnataka as also a much wider spectrum
which encompasses the Indian situation and human beings in general. He was born
in a small village named gurlahosUru, near Savadatti in Belagaum district, which
was then a part of Bombay Presidency directly under the British rule. He did not
have the benefits of formal education to any appreciable extent. After passing out
of the elementary school (7th standard) he studied in a teachers’ training
institute and became a teacher in a primary school at ciikkODi. He came under the
mesmerising influence of Gandhiji and resigned from that job in his early twenties.
He had a some brief stints as a journalist in periodicals such as ‘karnATaka vrutta’,
‘dhananjaya’ and ‘karmavIra’. He was appointed as a teacher in the
Joshi came under the influence of Gandhian
ideology and Maharshi Aravinda at an early stage in his life and his simple lifestyle
was a consequence of these influences. He was an important member of ‘geLeyara gumpu’;
a group of like minded individuals, launched under the leadership D.R. Bendre the
foremost poet of modern Kannada. However Joshi did not allow any of these influences
to hinder him in his intellectual pursuits. He was a self made individual in more
senses than one. He became a voracious reader and studied disciplines like history,
philosophy, anthropology and psychology on his own. More importantly, he could integrate
all this in to a frame work which was all his own. He tried to achieve a synthesis
between the western streams of knowledge and indigenous, ancient knowledge base.
His work could be categorized in three inter
connected strata. Firstly he was interested in the origin of Karnataka and its cultural
ramifications. He focused on the relationship between the mAharashtrian culture
and Karnataka in their historical evolution. Language was the focal point of his
analytical method. He laid an emphasis on place names, migratory patterns of different
communities and customs practiced by them as the bases for his conclusions. Reconstruction
of a culture on the basis of the evidence provided by folk beliefs and motifs was
an enduring passion for Sham Ba. This phase in his career lasted till 1947. Later
on he turned his attention towards the evolution of Indian Culture and Civilization
and tried to trace it right from the pre-Vedic times. He speaks about a shift in
Value System as early as the RgvEda period and contends that it was the beginning
of deterioration. Some of his hypotheses and his musings about the fundamental conflicts
in Indian Culture that were recogonised by him were truly path breaking. He moved
on to the evolution of human psyche and the essential nature of human beings. These
ideas were not in tune with the views held by traditional scholars. However his
ideas were progressive and illustrated his concern for his fellow beings. Consequently
he has found many supporters and admirers in the current generation rather than
his contemporaries and the generation after that.
Joshi has written thirty three books and published more than two hundred articles in journals and periodicals. He has written a few articles and books in English and Marathi also. Complete works of Sham. Ba. Joshi are published in eight huge volumes by the Kannada Book Authority, Govt. of Karnataka. Some of the more important ones among his books are listed here.
<![if !supportLists]>1. <![endif]>‘kaNmreyAda kannada’, 1933, Dharwar.
<![if !supportLists]>2. <![endif]>‘mahArASTrada mUla’, 1934, Dharwar.
<![if !supportLists]>3. <![endif]>‘kannaDada nele’, 1939, Dharwar.
<![if !supportLists]>4. <![endif]>‘kannaDa nuDiya huTTu athavA nirukta’, 1937, Dharwar.
<![if !supportLists]>5. <![endif]>‘eDegaLu hELuva kannADa kathe’, 1947, Dharwar.
<![if !supportLists]>6. <![endif]>‘kannaDa nuDiya jIvALa’, 1973, Dharwar.
<![if !supportLists]>7. <![endif]>‘karNana mUru citragLu’, 1947, Dharwar
<![if !supportLists]>8. <![endif]>‘saundarya vicAra’, 1949, Karawar.
<![if !supportLists]>9. <![endif]>‘eddELu kannaDigA aThvA asantOSavE ELgeya mUla’, 1943, Dharwar.
<![if !supportLists]>10. <![endif]>‘jIvana arthagrahaNa paddhati’, 1986, Dharwar.
<![if !supportLists]>11. <![endif]>‘karnATa samskrutiya pUrva pITike’ (In two parts)1937, 1966. Dharwar.
<![if !supportLists]>12. <![endif]>‘hAlumata darshana’, 1960, Savadatti.
<![if !supportLists]>13. <![endif]>‘BASe mattu samskruthi’, 1975, Dharawar.
<![endif]> ‘pravAha patitara
karma, hindU emba dharma’, 1976,
<![endif]>‘vaivasvata manu praNIta mAnavadharmada Akruti’, 1979, Rayabhag.
<![if !supportLists]>16. <![endif]>‘budhana jAtaka’, 1984, Rayabagh (Belagaum District)
<![endif]>’jAgatika purAtana Adidaivta kathegaLa anusandhAnadalli,
RgvEdasAra nAgapratimA vicAra’ 1971,
<![endif]> ‘Shambaa avara Samagra
kRutigLu’, (Eight volumes) 1999, Kannada Book Authority,
Sham. Ba. Joshi has received many honors and accolades, particularly during the
later part of his life. He was bestowed with the
<![endif]>‘Adhyayana’, Sham.Ba. Joshi Felicitation Volume, Edited by
M. Chidananda Murthy, 1979,