, which was formerly known as kalburgi is
an important city at a distance of about 620 kilometers from
. It is known for its historical importance
and architectural/religious significance. The known history of
dates back prior to the eleventh century.
An 11th century inscription and some literary works have referred to
it as ‘kalumbarage’ and ‘kalubariga’. This region was ruled by different dynasties
such as Rashtrakuta, Chalukya, Kalchuri, Hoysalas, Yadavas of Devagiri and Kaakateeya
Kings of Warangal in Andhrapradesh during various periods of its history up to the
11th century. Later on, it was ruled by the Bahamani kings, Aurangezeb
of Mughal dynasty and the Nizams of Hyderabad.
was the Capital of the Bahamani kings (1350
A.D. approx.) and it continued to be so till 1424 A.D., when the capital was shifted
to Bidar. Allauddin Hassan Bahaman Shah, Mohammed-1 and Tajuddin Fairoze were the
important kings who ruled during this period. Legends have it, that the fort of
was first built by rAJA gulchand of
and later renovated and strengthened by
Bahaman Shah. This contention is not supported by documentary evidence. The fort
is very strong even though it is relatively small. It has a circumference of about
three kilometers and its walls are 50 feet thick. The moat around the fort which
is about 30 feet wide is an architectural feat because the foundation of the fort
itself is carved to make way for the moat. The fort has fifteen watch towers and
twenty cannon towers.
The fort contains
an important mosque built in 1367 A.D. by Muhammed Shah-1. It is a rectangular structure,
measuring 216 ft. by 176 ft. Inscriptional evidence informs us that it was built
by an Iranian architect named Rafi in the style of the famous Spanish mosque at
Cardova. A good number of domes structured partly in the Persian style have added
to its beauty.
part of the fort contains the tombs of the first three monarchs of the Bahamani
dynasty. They are contained in a 40 ft square building built on a raised platform.
The inner hall contains the tombs.
Navaz Darga is the tomb of the famous Saint Hazrath Khwaja Bande Navaz Gesu Daraz.
He was a great Sufi saint. (“The
Sufi saint settled down in
on the invitation of
Bahamani King Fairoze Shah Bahamani. For the next 22 years, till his death at the
age of 105 years, Khwaja made
his home and spread the
message of universal brotherhood from here.”)
His darga continues to be a place of pilgrimage to both Hindus and Muslims. It is great symbol of religious harmony.
a series of seven tombs near
, Khwaja Bande Navaz Darga in the city and
the Hirapur mosque built by Chand Bibi in 1585 A.D. are other important structures.
Another mosque was built by Aurangezeb near Bande Navaj Darga.
The famous Sharana Basaveshvara temple is a recent structure. (19th
Further reading and links:
<![endif]>http://www.panoramio.com/photos/original/19834460.jpg (Jami Mosque in the Fort of Gulbarga)
<![endif]>http://diksoochi.blogspot.com/2007/01/trip-to-gulbarga-hazrat-khwaja-bande.html (An article and photographs of Bande Navaz
Home / Places