Basavakayana (ಬಸವಕಲ್ಯಾಣ) is a small town at a distance of eighty kilometers from
Bidar which is the head quarters of the district to
which it belongs.(683 K.M. from
Kalyana was the capital city of the Chalukya
dynasty in the middle of the eleventh century. Someshvara-1 who ruled the kingdom
between 1041A.D. and 1068A.D. selected Kalyana as his
capital. Later the dyanasty itself was named
Kalyani Chalukyas in order to differentiate
them from the Chalukyas of Badami.
This city finds a mention in many inscriptions belonging to that period as also
books such as ‘Vikramankadeva Charite’
by Bilhana and ‘Mitakshara’
by Vijnaneshvara. Veerashaiva
saints such as Basavanna and Akka
Mahadevi have sung praises of Kalyana
in their writings. After Someshvara-1, it was ruled by many illustrious kings such
as Immadi Someshvara, the
great Vikramaditya-6, Mummadi Someshvara,
Malla and Mummadi Tailapa.
Kalchuri dynasty which succeeded Kalyani
Chalukyas continued to have Kalyana
as their capital. Bijjala(1156-1167) was a witness to the Shivasharana
revolution that took place in Kalyana under the leadership
of Basaveshvara. Kalyana
was ruled by Yadavas of Devagiri,
Muhammaed Bin Thugalaq,
Sultans of Bijapur, Bidar,
The architectural, sculptural and military marvels
of Basavakalyana belong to different periods and are
found scattered over the region. The fort made of black granite was built by Chalukyas and renovated in the succeeding periods. Many
statues and the temple ruins of the Chalukya period
are now stored with in this fort. Jalasangvi,
Narayanapura and Shivapura contain
beutiful temples of the Chalukya period.
The Jalasangvi temple is of particular architectural
There is a huge mound which is supposed to have contained
Basavakalyana houses a museum containing many relics of the glorious past of this small town.
References: 1. Basavakalyana :: Fotopic.Net
2. www.jainheritagecentres.com> Jainism In India> Karnataka ...
Lord Shiva Temple dating back to Chalukya times i.e. 11th century at Narayanpura, 4km from Basavakalyana