half of the 12th Century and the first half of the 13th century.
region in Hassan district. A disciple of Nagavarma-2 and a maternal uncle of Keshiraja.
(Ramachandradeva Muni was his mentor) He has built Jaina temples including the one
at Pannaladurga (Ananthanatha Basadi) and renovated the Vijaya Parshvanatha Basadi
Ballala (1173-1220) and a minister with Narasimha Ballala (1220-1235)
is an important poet who has appealed to the modern sensibility of Kannada speaking
community and a huge body of critical writings has emerged about his writings. Even
though both his works are derived from Sanskrit works he has introduced new elements
both in the thematic sector and the stylistic sector. This applies more specifically
to ‘Yashodharacharite’ his magnum opus and one of the enduring epics of Kannada.
Janna belongs to the tradition of administrator-poets of Kannada such as
, Chavundaraya and Basavanna. Consequently
he posseses a veritable spectrum of experiences and fathomed deeply in to the depths
of human psyche. He did not continue the tradition started by
because both his works are related to Jainism.
‘Ananthanathapurana’ is a biographical account of Ananthanatha teerthnakara and
‘Yashodharacharite’ which belongs to the genre of ‘Nompiya kathegalu’ transcends
the bounadaries of religion and becomes a saga of human passions and the consequent
travails. Both the epics written by Janna introduce new dimensions to the accepted
traditional frame work. ‘Yashodharacharite’ has evoked pluralistic responses with
respect to the portrayal of the character of Amruthamathi not only by the feminist
critics but also the enrtire gamut of Kannada literary criticism. “Chandashasanana
Kathe’ a short episode from ‘Ananthanathapurana’ has also captivated the modern
mind because of the undying passion of the protagonist for his belived Sunanda who
happens to be the wife of some one else. Janna is crucial in the context of Kannada
literature because he has chosen themes that are neither historical nor contemporary
but has managed to imbue his work with those dimensions in the context of the historical
growth of Jainism. At once, it is a story of ancient north
and also medeival Karnataka.
- Ananthanathapurana,(Champu Kavya)
Anubhava Mukura, (Erotica) a number of inscriptions
References and Criticism: 1. Janna C.P.Krishnakumar,
. 2. Yashastilaka and Indian Culture,
K.K.Handiqui, 1949, Jain Samskriti Samrakshak Sangha,
3. Janna – Kavi Kavya Parampare,
Ed. V.Seetharamaiah, 1975, I.B.H.Prakashana,
. 4. Janna- ondu adhyayana, K.Y.Shivakumar,
1999, Chethana Bookhouse,
. 5. Yashodharachariteya Kavyatantra,
Keerhinatha Kurthakoti, 1982,
5. Janna (ondu maruchintane) Ed. Giraddi
. 6. Yashodhara Charithe, Krishnakumar C.P.,
Masterpieces of Indian Literature, Ed. K.M.George, Pub. : National Book Trust, Kannada
from Janna, Sharma T.R.S., Medieval Indian Literature volume 1 Ed. T.R.S. Sharma,
Sahitya Academy, 2000
P.S.: Kindly refer to the bibliography given for ‘Yashodharacharite’
in the corresponding entry.
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