The Goan branch of the Kadamba Dynasty ruled during
1000-1334 A.D. and it consisted of fourteen kings who ruled in succession. The kings
of this dynasty were ruling from Chandrapura (now known as Chandor) before they
moved over to
They made use of the dissensions between the weakening Rashtrakoota Empire and the
rising Kalyani Chalukya dynasty. Guhulladeva-1, Shastadeva-2, Guhulladeva-3, Jayakeshi-2,
Shivachitta, Vishnuchitta and Jayakeshi-3 are among the important kings who constitute
this dynasty. Gopaka PaTTaNa (Goapuri) was built in 1054 A.D. as the capital of
this kingdom. This was a crucial place in the context of trans-oceanic trade and
commerce. The Kadmba kings entered in to many pacts with other kings so that their
trade interests were not affected. Guhulldeva-2 entered in to an agreement with
the Muslim settlers of ‘Tiswadi’ (tisvADi’) also. By the end of the 11th
century Kadambas were firmly entrenched in the regions of
and Konkan. Gradually
became the hub of intra coastal and trans-oceanic trade and it was a cherished destination
for traders and sea farers. However the dominance of the Kadambas started waning
and they could match the mauruding armies of Hoysalas, Yadavas and Kalachuris. Kadambas
were totally over powered by the end of thirteenth century and thus ended another
chapter in the history of Kadamba dynasty.
Many scholars have opined that the Kadambas had a distinct
architectural style in comparison to Chalukya, Pallava and Hoysala styles. The Mahadeva
temple at Tambadi Surla in
and Kamala Narayana temple in Deggamve in
are illustrative of the characteristic features of this style. The most ancient
temple in the all of Goa is located at Tambdi Surla. This well-preserved structure
from the Kadamba dynasty was built in Jain style in the 12th century. The Tambdi
Surla Temple was constructed with black basalt stone. It is quite small in comparison
with most other Goan temples and the top part of the temple has never been completed.
Intricate carvings adorn the interior of the temple, which ... More >
by an entrance hall with doorways on three sides. Four monolith carvings support
the ceiling with a lotus flower in the center. The exterior of the temple has some
miniature examples of sculpture and relief carvings. The temple faces towards the
east so that the rays of the rising sun fall on the deity at the crack of dawn.
The Sri Kamala Narayana temple was commissioned by Kamaladevi, the queen of Shivachitta
the Kadamaba king of Goa.
branch of Kadambas did not really have many connections with Karnataka and it is
merely a continuation of the well known Kadamba dynasty of Banavasi.
/ Land History and People