Century, Approximately 1650 A.D.
by Gunachandra, a Jaina scholar is a short treatise on Kannada prosody, essentially
imitating the model of the Sanskrit work ‘Vrutta Ratnakara’ by Kedarabhatta. It
contains five chapters (adhikarana) pertaining to various aspects of Kannada prosody.
The first chapter gives some elementary information such as laghu, guru, gana, and
yathi. Second chapter is focussed on ‘Shatpadi’
a verse in six lines. Gunachandra has given the names of various types of Shatpadi
with suitable illustrations. A mention is made of other prosodic forms such as ‘Aryaa’,
‘Geetike’ and “Kanda Padya’ in the same chapter. Third chaptr is devoted to ‘Akshara
Vruttas’ that are adapted from Sanskrit and some specfic meters are dealt with in
detail. Fourth chapter is related to metrical forms following ‘Matra Gana Chandassu’.
This gives detailed information about various verses that are used in Kannada such
as dandaka, vaitaleeya, anushtup etc. The concluding chapter discusses the concept
of ‘Tala’(tALa) and ends with a brief introduction to ‘dvipadi’, ‘trivuDe’, ‘ragaLe’,
‘sIsa padya’ and ‘lAvaLi. (Ni) It is a matter for concern that the author does not
make any mention of ‘Amsha Gana Chandassu’ which forms the basis of indigenous Kannada
prosody. This is a reasonably good successor to ‘Chandombudhi’
in spite of its brevity.
Essence of Prosody’