MULIYA TIMMAPPAIAH, 1888-1950
Muliya Timmappaiah (ಮುಳಿಯ ತಿಮ್ಮಪ್ಪಯ್ಯ) (muLiya timmappayya) belongs to the tradition of great scholars
from coastal Karnataka who did not have the advantages of University education.
However they have achieved lasting fame because of traditional schooling and
modern outlook. Muliya is a small village in Bantwal taluk of
Like many others of his ilk Timmappaiah was a creative writer and a scholar. He has composed many novels, plays and poems. His venture to write an epic ‘Sobagina Balli’ (1918) and a prose work, ‘Chandravali Vilasam’ (1913) in old Kannada is interesting. This zeal was manifested once again in ‘Navaneetha Ramayana’ (1940) an epic in Lalitaragale. ‘Veera Bankeya’ (1950) is a historical novel. He started a monthly magazine titled ‘Kannada Kogile’ in 1914 and had to stop its publication a few years later.
However his fame rests on his work in the fields of ‘History of Kannada Literature’ and literary criticism. He was an erudite scholar in Kannada and Sanskrit. His training in allied disciplines such as poetics and prosody was always at his service.
Timmappaiah was genuinely interested in bringing out the
historical antecedents of literature to the lime light. For him, many of our
epics were deeply rooted in contemporary history. He tried to bring out the
hidden material related to the history of Karnataka in the Kannada epic ‘Kabbigara Kava’ by Andayya. ‘AnDayyanU kannaDamenippA nADU’ is the title of the paper published in 1927. This
passion was carried on to
‘Kavirajamargaviveka’ (1948) is another enduring work by Timmappaiah. This is a critical study of the first extant
work in Kannada. ‘Paarti Subba’
is a biographical account and a critical study of the famous Yakshagana poet. Three lectures delivered by Muliya in 1948, at the Kannada Research Institute, Dharawada are published in a single volume titled ‘kannaDa nADU dESI
sAhityavU’. The collection of essays called ‘kannaDa sAhityavU mattu itara upanyAsagLU’
is the last published work of Timmappaiah. To sum up,
Mulia was a votary of local cultures as evidenced by
his lasting pursuits. His desire to trace local history, his panache to find
the native elements in
Muliya was honored with the chairmanship of the 17th Kannada Sahitya Sammelana held at Karwar.