KARNATAKA – Geographical Features
state came in to being in 1956, when linguistic reorganization of states took
place. Many predominantly Kannada speaking regions of Bombay Presidency, Madras
Presidency and Hyderabad state ruled by b the Nizam were united with the
princely state of Mysore. The tiny
total area of Karnataka is 191791 Square kilometers. It is situated towards
west of the Indian Deccan Plateau and it lies along the seashore of one side.
It is a fertile land situated in the tropical region of the Northern
Hemisphere, stretching between 115 degree and 19 degree Northern Latitude and
between 74 degree and 78 degree Eastern Longitude. States of Maharashtra and
Karnataka is rich in its mineral wealth which is distributed fairly evenly across the state. Rich deposits of asbestos, bauxite, chromite, dolomite, gold, iron ore, kaolin, limestone, magnesite, Manganese, ochre, quartz and silica sand are found in the state. Karnataka is a major producer of felsite, moulding sand (63%) and fuchsite quartzite (57%) in the country. Karnataka has two major centers of gold mining in the state at Kolar(Non functional now) and Hatti (Raichur). Karnataka has very rich deposits of high grade iron and manganese ores to the tune of 1,000 million tonnes. Most of the iron ores are concentrated around the Bellary-Hospet region. Karnataka with a granite rock spread of over 4200 km˛ is also famous for its Ornamental Granites with different hues.
is divided in to three regions on the basis of topography and climate. They are
the coastal region (karAvaLi), hilly region, (malenADu) and the plains (bayalu
sIme). The coast line stretches for a distance of about 240 kilometers along
and kALi are the important rivers that originate in the
Malnad region is formed by the Sahyadri mountain
The malnAD and GAT sections are totally covered by dense forests. It ranges from a breadth of only 2 kilometers near sakalEshapura to almost 100 kilometers at other places. It receives rains ranging between 500 cm-750 cm between June and September during the monsoon season. A small town in shivamogga district called Agumbe receives the maximum rain fall of 760 cm in Karnataka. Paddy, sugar cane, arcanut, coconut and spices are major agricultural crops of this region. Parts of malnAD and Coorg districts have coffee plantations.
Plains (bayalusIme) constitute the major part of Karnataka and they are distributed in a number of districts including the malnAD region. The rain fall dwindles as we move from the west to east and many regions in the north and east hardly receive 50 cms of annual rain. However a number of dams built across the major rivers and the ponds and tanks spread all over the region constitute alternative sources of water. KriSNA, kAvEri, BImA, tungabadrA, GaTapraBA, malapraBA, hEmAvati and kabini are some rivers that re used for irrigational purposes.
The plains are dotted by a range of hills called rAmanagar-rAyadurga central range. They run for a distance of about 400 kilometers from sAvanadurga in the South to moLakAlmUru in the North. SAvanadurga, shivagangA, dEvarAyanadurga, pAvagaDa, madhugiri and brahmagiri are some of the peaks in this range.
The plains have scope for vast and varied agricultural activity depending on the water resources. Paddy, sugar cane, jowar, millet, cotton, tobaco, groundnuts, coconuts and fruits are the major agricultural crops. This region is dotted by a number of towns and villages and is well connected by railways and motor ways.
1. Geography of Karnataka (From Wikipedia)
Geography of Karnataka
(From Maps of