- Khagendramanidarpana (ಖಗೇಂದ್ರಮಣಿದರ್ಪಣ)
- KagEndramaNidarpaNa (1362 A.D.)
- Mangarasa-2 (Hoysala Kingdom) (A contemporary of the king Harihara
belonging to the Vijayanagara dynasty)
- 14th Century
- Medicine (Toxicology) (Vishavaidya)
- ‘Khagendramanidarpana’ is unique among
the knowledge based texts in Kannada because it happens to be the solitary
work on toxicology (Vishavaidya) in ancient
Kannada. Khagendra is an obvious reference to ‘Garuda’ who is an enemy of snakes. One particular palm
leaf manuscript of this work is composed in miniature style and deserves
to be exhibited for that reason alone. This work contains sixteen chapters
and 8000 Granthas. This is in Champu form and contains kandapadyas
and vruttas. Mangarasa
acknowledges his indebtedness to previous scholars such as Pujyapada. He has drawn material from Jaina religious texts also. He follows ‘Kashyapa Samhita’ closely
and the work edited by Mariyappa Bhat and Sheshayyanagar has
given the original Sanskrit shlokas also. Mangarasa avers that it is better to write a work like
which is useful to the general public rather than writing about nature,
night, love, liquor, prostitution etc in the name of literature. Having
said that, one must concede that he has succeeded in lending a literary flavour to this scholarly work.
He mentions ten types of poisons
such as snakes, scorpions, alcohol, insects, spoilt corn etc and professes to
provide anti venom drugs to all of them. His work deserves to be translated in
to modern Kannada and studied for its veracity. It is not merely confined to
toxicology but provides many a diagnostic tool and remedial practice for other
- 1. Ed. A. Venkata Rao
and H.Sheshayyangar, (Chief Editor: Prof Mariyappa Bhat)1942, Kannada Granthamale, Madras University.
References: 1. ‘Karnataka Vishavaidya
Parampare’ by P. Satyanarayana
Bhat, 2008, published by K.S. Muddappa Memorial Trust, Krishnapura Doddi, Bangalore.
This work is edited by Prof Mariyappa
Bhat and H.Shesha Iyengar using six manuscripts found in far off places such
as Araa in Bihar, Manjeashvara
in Kerala and Moodabidri.
The editing work is very scientific and competent.
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