MUGALI R.S., 1906-1993
Ranganatha Srinivasa Mugali, (ranganAtha srInivAsa mugaLi) (ರಂಗನಾಥ ಶ್ರೀನಿವಾಸ ಮುಗಳಿ) was one of the most well known literary historians of Kannada literature. His fame rests almost entirely on the ‘History of Kannada Literature’ (ಕನ್ನಡ ಸಾಹಿತ್ಯ ಚರಿತ್ರೆ) written by him in 1953, even though he was a critic, scholar, creative writer and an eminent teacher. ‘ಕನ್ನಡ ಸಾಹಿತ್ಯ ಚರಿತ್ರೆ’ continues to be an authentic reference work more than fifty years after its publication.
Mugali was born in the town Hole
Aluru (hoLe AlUru) in Ron talluk of Gadag district. He received early education
in places such as Bagalakote and Bijapur. There was a temporary break in
academics due to his pre occupations with the
was a core member of the ‘geLeyara gumpu’, (Friends’ Circle) an informal group
of writers and scholars from
Mugali’s panache for literary forms has resulted in the volume ‘Kannada Sahitya Rupagalu’. (kannaDa sAhitya rUpagaLu) The evolution and the distinctive features of various literary genres and metrical forms of Kannada constitute the focus of this work. He has written a number of critical articles on the Kannada writers of the bygone era. ‘Kannada Sahityada Itihasa’ (Kannada sAhityada itihAsa) is another attempt in literary history and this includes modern Kannada literature also. This volume was translated in to many Indian Languages and English. ‘Heritage of Karnataka’ traces the evolution of the culture of Karnataka.
His interest in creative activity is reflected in a number of poetry collections, plays and novels. A brief list of his important works related to ancient and medieval Kannada is appended.
ಚರಿತ್ರೆ’, 1953, Usha sahitya
ಇತಿಹಾಸ’, (History of Kannada Literature, 1968)
3. ‘ಕನ್ನಡ ಸಾಹಿತ್ಯದ ರೂಪಗಳು’
4. ‘ರನ್ನನ ಕೃತಿರತ್ನ’
5. ‘ಕನ್ನಡ ಸಾಹಿತ್ಯದಲ್ಲಿ ಸರಸ್ವತಿಯ ದರ್ಶನ’
7. ‘Heritage of Karnataka’
8. ‘History of Kannada Literature’
9. ‘ಕನ್ನಡ ಕಾವ್ಯಸಂಚಯ’
‘bALuri‘, ‘anna’, ‘kAraNapuruSa’ and ‘agnivarNa’ are his novel and ‘kanasina kannike’ is a solitary collection of short stories. ‘Jeevanarasika’ is his auto biography. He has written a number of plays and poems. His contributions related to modern Kannada literature and the theory of criticism are not discussed in this note.
Dr Mugali has received many honors and accolades during
his literary career. Sahitya Academy Award, (1956, for ‘ಕನ್ನಡ ಸಾಹಿತ್ಯ
ಚರಿತ್ರೆ’) Chairmanship of the
46th Kannada Literary Conference held in Tumakur in 1963 and the
‘Rajyotsava Prashasti’ given by the Government of Karnataka are the more
prominent ones among them. ‘Rasikaranga darshana’ (1966, Usha Sahitya Male,