GURURAJA BHAT P., 1924-1978
Padooru Gururaja Bhat (paDUru
gururAja BaT) (ಪಡೂರು
ಗುರುರಾಜ ಭಟ್) was a scholar specializing in the disciplines of
history and archaeology. He has made substantial contributions to the study of
history and culture of ‘TuLu nADu’ ie coastal Karnataka, before his
premature death. He was a native of Padoor village in Udupi district. After
early schooling in Karkala, he became a school teacher. However he obtained a
bachelor’s degree from the
Gururaja Bhat is known for his pioneering and
diligent work in the area of regional studies. He went round coastal Karnataka
studying many aspects of art, architecture and archaeology of the region. He is
renowned as the Father of Tulu Archaeology. He could study and document about
2000 monuments. More than 12,000 inscriptions and thousands of icons were seen
and analyzed by him, most of them perhaps for the first time. His monumental
work on Tulu Culture entitled “Studies in Tuluva History and Culture, from the
Pre-historic times up to the Modern’ is the out come of this never ending
labour. This volume contains literally hundreds of plates. He has covered
important places related Hindu and Jaina religions extensively. He has tried to
unearth relics of Buddhism belonging to an earlier period. In addition to this,
he has collected material relating to Bhoota Worship which is unique to this
region. His work on bArkur, a small town is particularly interesting. Along
with others, he found relics of megalithic culture in this place. He has
documented his thoughts about the evolution of Tulu language and literature. He
has written extensively on the temples of Subrahmanya and Udupi. It is no
exaggeration to say that almost any research on any
Interestingly, Gururaja Bhat mentions five features that set TulunaaDu distinct from the rest of Karnataka. They are Bhuta Nritya or Spirit Worship (dance), Nagamandala and Dakke Bali, Aliya Santana, Tulu language and Tattva Vaada of Sri Madhvacharya.
1. ‘Antiquities of South Canara’, 1969, Prabhakara Press, Udupi.
2. ‘Studies in Tuluva History and culture’, from the pre historic times up to the Modern’, 1975, published by the author.
3. ‘Tulunaadina Naagamandala’, 1977.
4. ‘Kadri Shri Manjunatha Devalaya: Kshetra Mahatme mattu Itihasa’, 1974, published by the trustees of the Kadri Manjunatha temple.
6. ‘Tulunaadina Itihasa’
‘Tulunaadina sapthakshetragalu’, 1976, I.B.H.
Furthe Readings and Links:
1. tulu-research.blogspot.com/2008_05_01_archive ( A photograph of Dr Gururaja Bhat)