BILIGIRI H.S., 1925-1996
Hemmige Srinivasarangachar Biligiri (ಹೆಮ್ಮಿಗೆ
ಬಿಳಿಗಿರಿ) (hemmige srInivAsarangacAr biLigiri) was a linguist
and a creative writer of repute who has contributed handsomely to the fields of
ancient Kannada grammar and prosody. His parents were from Bhadravati in
Shivamogga district. Biligiri studied engineering for about four years and
later shifted his priorities and obtained B.A. (Hons.)(1952) and M.A. (1953)
degrees in Kannada from the
A part of his writings is devoted to Kannada language. ‘AlOka-1’ (1969) is a seminal work on ‘Shabdamanidarpana’ an ancient Kannada grammar written by Keshiraja. This is a pioneering attempt in the context of Kannada. Biligiri studies this thirteenth century text in the light of modern descriptive and historical linguistics. He is analytical and non Judgemental. This commentary is confined to the first 81 stanzas of the text and does not cover the whole range of topics covered by the original author. This was a precursor of the foundational work carried out later by D.N.Shankarabhat.
‘Varnanatmaka Vyakaranada Moola Tatvagalu’ (Fundamental Principles of Descriptive Linguistics’) is another pioneering effort. This slim volume delineates the elements of phonetics, phonemics and morphology in a very lucid and transparent Kannada. ‘Varasegalu’ (1995) is a collection of eleven articles and research papers on language and prosody. The papers on ‘Gamaka Samaasa’ and ‘Sri Haricharite’ are particularly illuminating.
Doctoral thesis is a descriptive grammar of the ‘Khadiaya’ language which is
spoken in the Chota nagapur region of
Biligiri’s scholarship was a combination of the traditional and the modern. This helped him in throwing new light on the subjects of his choice. However one is left with feeling that his contribution could have been much more substantial in view of his brilliance and erudition. A short list of his publications is appended to this note.
a. Kannada: 1. ‘AlOka’, Bhaaga-1, 1969, Akshara Prakashana, Heggodu
vyAkaraNada mUla tatvagaLu’, 1970,
3. ‘varasegaLu’, 1995,
4. ‘Nandana’, (Collection of Poems)
5. ‘Nayikode’, (Collection of Poems)
6. ‘Samagra Kavya’ (Collected
Poems), Kamadhenu Prakashana’,
1. ‘Papers and Talks’,
1971, Central Institute of Indian languages,
2. Kharia: phonology,
grammar, and vocabulary. (