Gulbarga, which was formerly known as kalburgi is an
important city at a distance of about 620 kilometers from Bangalore. It is known for its historical importance and
architectural/religious significance. The known history of Gulbarga dates back prior to the eleventh century. An 11th
century inscription and some literary works have referred to it as
‘kalumbarage’ and ‘kalubariga’. This region was ruled by different dynasties
such as Rashtrakuta, Chalukya, Kalchuri, Hoysalas, Yadavas of Devagiri and
Kaakateeya Kings of Warangal in Andhrapradesh during various periods of its
history up to the 11th century. Later on, it was ruled by the
Bahamani kings, Aurangezeb of Mughal dynasty and the Nizams of Hyderabad.
Gulbarga was the Capital of the Bahamani kings (1350 A.D.
approx.) and it continued to be so till 1424 A.D., when the capital was shifted
to Bidar. Allauddin Hassan Bahaman Shah, Mohammed-1 and Tajuddin Fairoze were
the important kings who ruled during this period. Legends have it, that the
fort of Gulbarga was first built by rAJA gulchand of Warangal and later renovated and strengthened by Bahaman
Shah. This contention is not supported by documentary evidence. The fort is
very strong even though it is relatively small. It has a circumference of about
three kilometers and its walls are 50 feet thick. The moat around the fort
which is about 30 feet wide is an architectural feat because the foundation of
the fort itself is carved to make way for the moat. The fort has fifteen watch
towers and twenty cannon towers.
fort contains an important mosque built in 1367 A.D. by Muhammed Shah-1. It is
a rectangular structure, measuring 216 ft. by 176 ft. Inscriptional evidence
informs us that it was built by an Iranian architect named Rafi in the style of
the famous Spanish mosque at Cardova. A good number of domes structured partly
in the Persian style have added to its beauty.
Southern part of the fort contains the tombs of the first three monarchs of the
Bahamani dynasty. They are contained in a 40 ft square building built on a
raised platform. The inner hall contains the tombs.
Bande Navaz Darga is the tomb of the famous Saint Hazrath Khwaja Bande Navaz
Gesu Daraz. He was a great Sufi saint. (“The Sufi saint settled down in Gulbarga on the invitation of Bahamani King
Fairoze Shah Bahamani. For the next 22 years, till his death at the age of 105
years, Khwaja made Gulbarga his home and spread the message of
universal brotherhood from here.”) His
darga continues to be a place of pilgrimage to both Hindus and Muslims. It is great symbol of religious harmony.
gumbaj, a series of seven tombs near Gulbarga, Khwaja Bande Navaz Darga in the city and the
Hirapur mosque built by Chand Bibi in 1585 A.D. are other important structures.
Another mosque was built by Aurangezeb near Bande Navaj Darga. The famous Sharana Basaveshvara temple is a
recent structure. (19th century)
Further reading and links:
http://www.panoramio.com/photos/original/19834460.jpg (Jami Mosque in the Fort of Gulbarga)
3. http://diksoochi.blogspot.com/2007/01/trip-to-gulbarga-hazrat-khwaja-bande.html (An article and photographs of Bande Navaz
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