- An Epic on the Life of Shantinatha Teerthankara
- Ponna (ponna)
- 10th Century (Approximately 950 A.D.)
- Vengi Vishaya, (Vengi County)
- Krishna-3 of Rashtrakuta Dynasty
- Kavichakravarthi, ‘Ubhayakavichakravathi’, ‘Kurulgala Savana’ One
among the ‘Ratnatraya’
- Poetry : Champu Kavya
- ‘Kanda’s, ‘Vrutta’s and Prose
- Palm leaves and paper
- A.Venkata Rao and H.Sheshayyangar
- Peoples’ Printing and Publishing House, Madras
- ‘Shanthipurana’ is an epic based on the life of Shanthinatha the
sixteenth among the Jaina Teerthankaras. This is one of the more
celebrated works in the Jaina puranas in Kannada during the tenth century,
particularly because of the patronage of Attimabbe who got one thousand
copies of this work made and got them distributed among Jaina devotees.
This work was assigned to Ponna by the brothers Mallaparya and Punnamarya
of Punganur in memory of their religious teacher Jinachandradeva. This was
also given the title ‘Puranachudamani’ because it delineates the
philosophical precepts and the religious practices of Jainism in great
detail. ‘Uttarapurana’ in Sanskrit, written by Gunabhadra seems to be one
its sources. Of course, he has borrowed heavily and un creatively from
Kalidasa’s ‘Raghuvamsha’, contrary to his claims that he is not a
plagiarist and also his boast that he is four times greater the Sanskrit
master. Some say, that he has literally translated almost 300 poems from
the Masterpiece of Kalidasa.
twelve chapters and nine of them are reserved for a description of the previous incarnations of Shanthinatha showing
an utter lack of a sense of proportion. The last three chapters are in tune
with the set pattern describing the victories of the king followed by a
renunciation. The five auspicious events (Panchakalyana) in the life of a
Teerthnakars are given their due place.
Ponna was a scholar in many
subjects and that has made him use many technical terms in use during his
times. This is a veritable mine of useful information. Some descriptions of
nature are noteworthy within the confines of his times. Occasionally one finds
a spark of poetry. The style is a combination of terseness and pedantry. One
has to arrive at the sad conclusion that the work does not merit the kind of
adulation given to its maker.
- Ref: 1. Kavichakravarthi Ponna mattu aatana KrutigaLu Dr.
M.R.Umadevi, 1979, Dharawada.
- Link and translations: 1. Shanthipuranam (From) T.R.S.Sharma and
C.K.Sukumar Ancient Indian Literature, Edited by T.R.S. Sharma, National
Book Trust, New Delhi,
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