SANCHIYA HONNAMMA, 1680 A.D.
- Sanchiya Honnamma (¸ÀAaAiÀÄ
- sanciya honnamma
- 17th Century (Approximately 1680 A.D.)
- Yalanduru (yaLandUru) in Chamarajanagara
district, the royal court of Chikkadevaraya.
- Not Known (Vokkaliga?) (Belonged to the
profession of providing betel nuts and other condiments to the king. She
was a disciple of Singararya and Tirumalarya
- Chikkadevaraya (1673-1704)
- Sarasasahityada Varadevate (sarasa sAhityada varadEvate)
- Sanchiya Honnamma is one among just a handful of
women poets mentioned in the traditional histories of Kannada literature.
However, unlike Kanti and Muktayakka,
Honnamma has at least written a complete work. Helavanakatte Giriyamma also
has composed a work in Sangatya. This does not
really mean that there was a total absence of women’s writings during this
period. This situation has arisen because of a marginalization of women
and their achievements in a patriarchal society. One has to take note of
the fact that even ‘Hadibadeya Dharma’ by Honnamma is more of a guide book meant for aspiring
wives and the duties prescribed are none other than those imposed by the
male controlled patriarchal system.
‘Hadibadeya Dharma’ was first published
in the Karnataka Kavya Kalanidhi
series edited by the celebrated team of M.A.Ramanuja
Iyyengar and S.G.Narasimhchar.
A thoroughly revised edition was published in 1940, edited by D.Champabai. This was published by the University of Mysore. Two editions with prose translations have
appeared in recent decades. One of them is renders the text in modern
prose and this task is done by N.Ranganathasharma
a renowned scholar in Sanskrit. ‘Hadibadeya Dharma’ contains nine chapters and
constitutes 479 poems. The fact that they are in sangatya
meter which can be rendered in to music with utmost ease is note worthy.
The author is caught in a dilemma between her inner feelings and the value
system imposed from above. She does speak about gender bias and makes bold
to say that it is not a loss if one begets a daughter. To say that the
birth of a son is nothing special, needed some
courage during those days. She has culled out her material from religious
texts such as the ‘Manusmriti’ and literary
epics like the ’Ramayana’ and the ‘Mahabharatha’.
She sets out to create a simple code of conduct for a newly married woman
in a transparent style. The mode of narration is persuasive and the advice
sounds very appropriate within that frame work. In a way this shows the
hollow nature of a humanistic approach in a demanding society. Of course
there is an under current of sorrow and disappointment. One finds thinly
veiled instances of feminine angst. She has not hesitated to give advice
to men also regarding the treatment of women folk.
essentially an ethical code with out any literary pretensions. However a simile here and a turn of words
there do succeed in charming the reader. She has shown lyrical capabilities in
situations that are suffused with human emotions. The portrayal of a woman
waiting for her husband is very poetic.
‘Hadibadeya Dharma’ should be studied as an
extremely rare instance where in a woman gains an entry in to the portals of
- Hadibadeya Dharma (hadibadeya dharma) (The duties
of a faithful wife)
- References: 1. ‘Honnammana Hadibadeya Dharma- vivechanatmaka
prabandha’ by Sadananda
N. Naik, 1968, Usha Sahityamale, Mysore. 2. ‘Hadibadeya
by Madhu Venka Reddy,
1995, Kannada Sahitya Parishattu,
Bangalore 3. ‘Sanchiya Honnamma’ by H.M.Shankaranarayana
Rao, 1959, Prasaranga,
Mysore University 4. Hadibadeya Dharma-ondu Parichaya by N.Kumuda, 1999, Chetana Bookhouse (Akhila Agencies),
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