SAHASA BHEEMA VIJAYAM

1.Title of the Text: a. ಸಾಹಸಭೀಮ ವಿಜಯಂ (ಗದಾಯುದ್ಧಂ)

b. saahasabheema vijayam

c. The Victory of Valorous Bheema

2. Author : a. Ranna

b. Tenth Century (949 A.D.)

c. Mudhol, (Muduvolalu)

d. Jaina, Bangle Seller by Profession

e. chaavunDa raaya, attimabbe, immaDi tailapa ( iriva beDanga satyaashraya)

f. kavi chakravarti, kavi ratna, One among ratnatrya (Janna and Ponna are others)

3. Genre : a. Champu Style ( A combination of prose and poetry)

b. kanda padya and vruttas

4. Publication details: a. Manuscripts: Palm leaf, Paper

b. Year of Publication: 1895

c. Editor: M.A. Ramanuja Iyyengar

d. Publisher,Place: Karnataka Kavyamanjari, a monthly magazine

e. Later Editions: 1.1919, M.A.ramanuja Iyyengar and S.G.Narasimhachar, Kavyakalanidhi Granthamaale 2. 1949, K.V.Krishnabhatta 3. Gadayuddha Sangraha, T.N.Srikantaiah, 1949 4. B.S. Sannaiah and Ramegouda, 1985.

5. (With arendering in Prose), 1998, Ed. R.V.Kulakarni, Kannada Sahitya Parishath Bangalore.

6. A Brief Summary of the work: Gadayuddha is the second epic in Kannada which adapts a vaidic theme and succeeds in giving it Jaina overtones. Deeply influenced by his illustrious predeccessor Pampa, Ranna has chosen Bheema as the hero of the work. In a similar vein, he equates Bheema his protagonist with Iriva Bedanga Satyashraya his mentor and benefactor. However Duryodhana is celebrated as a tragic hero. Gadayuddha adapts the flash back technique in delineating the major events of Mahabharata and Simhavalokana Krama is the name given by Ranna to this particular tool. Ranna is also influenced by Uurubhngam of Bhasa and Veni Samhara Natakam of Bhatta Narayana. Hence the much appreciated dramatic quality of this popular epic.

7. Important Commentaries and Criticism:

a. Commentaries: Nil

b. Books: 1. Ranna Kavi Prashasti, Ed. B.M.Srikantaiah

2. Ranna: aaru upanyaasagalu, Karanataka University

3. gadaayuddha naaTakam, B.M.Srikantaiah

b. Articles 1. shaktikavi ranna, K.V.Puttappa

2. kannada saahitya sangaati, K.D.Kurtakoti

c. Translations:

7. Other Links: 1. Ranna - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

2. Literary Cultures in History By Sheldon I. Pollock

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