1. Ponna (ಪೊನ್ನ)
3. 950 A.D.(Approx.)
Vengi Vishaya (
6. Krishn-3 of Rashtrakuta dynasty
7. kuruLgaLa savaNa, Kavi Chakravarthi, one among Ratna Traya
Ponna ranks among the Kannada poets who received more than their share of
adulation during their life time and subsequently faded in to relative
oblivion. He was considered one among the great Ratnatraya.
(Three great gems of Kannada literature) He was accorded the title kavi Chakravarthi which was
denied even to
Consequent of these facts, Ponnas reputation stands solely on Shantipurana which is a biographical account of Shantinatha the sixteenth teerthankara. This is a Champu work containing twelve chapters. Surprisingly, the first nine chapters are reserved for a description of the past eleven lives of the teerthankara and only the last three delineate the life of the protagonist. The story itself is very ordinary and it fails to interest the reader. Ponna was motivated by a desire to write an epic fulfilling all the stipulations laid down for a traditional epic as also the demands of Jaina puranas. Thus the eight necessary features of a Jaina purana are to be found here as also Jaina theology and a narration of the previous lives of the protagonist. (Bhavavali) The eighteen descriptions and nine rasas are given their due place. However the soul of poetry is absent. Ponna is deeply influenced by Kalidasa and makes a tall claim that he is far superior to the Sanskrit bard. Thus Ponna is a poet whose work is to be valued for the spate of information it provides on religion rather than its poetic merit. The fact that his patron Danachintamani Attimabbe got one thousand copies of this epic made and distributed it among interested readers goes to prove this fact.
9. a. shAntinAthapurANa b. bhuvanaika rAmAbhyudaya (Not found) c. jinAkshara mAle
10. References: 1. Shanthi
Puranam, Ed. A.Venkata Rao and H. Shesha Iyengar, 1939,