- Nemichandra (ನೇಮಿಚಂದ್ರæ)
- 12th Century
- Hoysala Kingdom
- Lakshmanaraja(Ratta dynasty), Veeraballala and Sejjeval Padmanabha
- Sahitya Vidyadhara, Kavirajakunjara etc
- Nemichandra is one of the few poets who persisted with the Champu tradition even after the advent of
medieval Kannada and a prosodic system based on Matrgana. He has composed two Champu works.
‘Neminathapurana’(Ardha Nemi Purana) delineates the story of Neminatha the
twenty second Teerthankara in conjunction with the story of Harivamsha and
Kuruvamsha. It contains eight chapters. This is an interesting combination
catering both to his priorities as well as the preferences of his patron.
This work was inspired by ‘Chavundarayapurana’ by Chavundaraya and
Neminathapurana by Karnaparya. He has given greater importance to the
story of Krishna relative to that of Neminatha. Traditional
details such as ‘Bhavavali’ are given a short shrift in this work.
Nemichandra has prefers the descriptive mode and meanders giving profuse
details. There is an unfinished look to this work. All the three stories
that the poet sets out to narrate remain incomplete. Probably this is the
reason for the nomenclature ‘Ardha Nemipurana
is a combination of themes selected from folklore as also many works in
Sanskrit belonging to the category of prose romances. He is greatly indebted to
the Sanskrit work ‘Vasavadattaa’ by Subandhu. Scholars have contended that
other Sanskrit works such as ‘Svpana Vasavadattaa’, ‘Kadamabari’ and
‘Vikramaorvasheeya’ have had their own influences on ‘Leelavathy’. This is the
story of Kandarpadeva and Leelavathy, who visualize one another in their
respective dreams and set out to realize the dreams. The work is composed
around their search, meeting, wedding and the aftermath. Nemichandra is very
fond of ‘Shringara rasa’ and gives many erotic details with out any
compunction. Unfortunately the story is not illuminated by any vision or an
intellectual strength. The mastery of the poet over Sanskrit, Prakrit and
Kannada has not succeeded in bringing about a fusion of those languages.
thus belongs to the galaxy of minor poets in Kannada.
Neminathpurana :( nEminAthapurANa): 1. 1914, M.A. Ramanuja Iyyangar, Karnataka
Kavyakalanidhi Maale. Mysore 2.
1961, B.S. Sannaiah, Sadhana Sahityamandira, Mysore 3.
1968, B.S. Kulakarni, Dharawar.
‘Leelavathy prabandha’: (lIlAvatIprabandha): 1.
First six chapters published in Karnataka Kavyamanjari in 1898 and the
remaining chapters in 1908 by Ramanuja Iyyangar in Mysore. 2. Two
chapters edited and published by K.G.Kundanagar in 1935. 3. 1936, complete work edited by
K.Venkataramappa and De, Javaregowda, 4. 1981, P.V.Chandrashekhara Rao, (Not
- ‘Kannada Neminathapuranagal Taulanika Adhyayana, T.V.Venkatachala
ShastrI, 1973, Mysore University, Mysore
- ‘Nemichadra’, 1959, N. Anantharangachar, Mysore University, Mysore
- ‘Nemichandrana Leelavathy Prabndham’ (Kavi-Kavya Vimarshe),
K. Venkataramappa and De. Javaregowda,
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