ಭಾರತ (Jaimini Bharata)
- jaimini BArata
- The Epic Bharata by Jaimini
- Lakshmesha (lakSmIsha)
- 16th century (1550 A.D.)
- Devanuru (dEvanUru) in Chikkamagalur
district. (Surapura in Gulbarga district??)
- Karnata Kavichutavana Chaitra
2. Upamaa Lola
- Vardhaka Shatpadi
- Palm Leaf and Paper manuscripts
- 1848 (Stone Etching) 1875, Edited with Commentary Stone etching.
- Venkata Rango Katti
(1875, Stone etched edition.), Holakal Srinivasa Pandita (1875,
- Krishnaraja Mudrakshra Shaale,
- 1. ‘Teeka Jaimini
Bharatavu’ Edited with
commentary and summary by B.M.Siddalinga Shastry, 1897, published by vanivilasa
Book Depot, Bangalore 2. ‘Jaimini Bharata’ edited with commentary and summary by Dakshinamurthy Shastry in
three volumes, 1888, Rajarajeshvari Mudrakshara Shaale, Bangalore 3. ‘Karnataka Jaimini
Bharatavu’, edited by P.R.Karibasava
Shastry, 1912, 4. Edited by Doddabele
Narayana Shastry with
word by word meaning and summary , 1912, T.N.Krshnaiah Shetty, Bangalore. 5. Edited by B.Bheemasena
Rao, 1939, published by T.N.Krishnaaih
Shetty, Bangalore 6. ‘Jaimini Bharata Sangraha’, Abridged version edited by De. Javaregowda,
1959, published by Vayaskara Shikshana
Samiti, Mysore 7. B.S. Sannaiah and Rame Gowda, 1993, Mysore University, Mysore. (Many
editions which have published this epic in parts and a few abridged
versions are not mentioned here.)
- Jaimini Bharata was one of the most popular
classics in Kannada during the nineteenth and the former half of the
twentieth century. It was recited in many villages with the help of Gamaka tradition and mnay
episodes in the work were perennial favorites even for dramatisation.
Jaimini Bharata is a
re creation of the Sanskrit work written by the sage Jaimini.
This is not a verbatim translation by any strech
of imagination and Lakshmeesha has made use of
the poetic freddom to omit dry passages and
include quite a few dimensions of his own. It contains 34 chapters constituiting 1936 poems in Vardhaka
shatpadi. This work focuses on the story of Mahaharata after the ascension of Dharmaraya
to the throne in the aftermath of the great war of Mahabharata. Actually Lakshmeesha has srived
successfully to re establish the greatness of Krishna and to cut down arrogant warriors such as Arjuna to human size. Dharamaraya’s
decision to perform the ‘Ashvamaedha Yaga’ and its consequences are delineated in great
detail. Arujuna confronts many heroes who are
more valiant than Arjuna but have absolute
respect for Krishna. Sudhanava, Youvanashva, Hamsadhvaja, Chandrhasa and a host of others bring Arjuna to the brink of defeat. However he is saved by
the grace of Krishna and learns the lesson of his life. Hence, Jaimini Bharata is
essentially a product of the bhakti movement where Valour becomes secondary.However the popularity of ‘Jaimini Bhrata’ is an out
come of the consummate skills shown by the poet in the handling of his
themes. Jaimini Bharata
is essentially a bunch of independent stories linked by Arjuna’s moorings across the country escorting the
sacrificial horse. But it is more of a leisurely stroll rather than a
hectic adventure. Lakshmeesha knows the art of
narration and has a command over language. He has an eye for the bounties of nature
and is veryconversant with human
emotions. The episode on ‘Seetha Parityaga’ from Ramayana is heart rending and has an
under current of feminism at least in the context of proper
interpretation. His sense of humour is brought
out in the episode of Chandi and Uddhalaka. The story of Chandrahasa
is another favorite with Kannada readers. The poets finds sufficient space
for veera,shrungara and
bhakti and delineates all these ‘rasa’s very competently. The art of the poets is particualarly incandescent in his use of simelies and his abilty to
create melody that is almost akin to music. He is called ‘upamalola’. Some of the best minds in
Kannada such as Kuvempu, Bendre,
Masti, Kurtakoti and C.N.ramachandran have writen
extensively and insightfully on this work.
- References: 1. ‘Kavi Lakshmeesha’, 1933,
Kannada Sangha, Chikkamagalur.
1955, (2nd Print) N.Anantarangachar, Prasaranga, Mysore University, Mysore.
Lakshmeeshana Kavyalankara Vaihava’, R.N.Malagi, 1960
Virat Svaropa’, D.R.Bendre, 1975, Samaja Pustakalaya, Dharawada.
6. Lakshmeeshana Jaimini Bharata-ondu Adhyayana, Vamana D. Bendre, 1979, Geetha Book House, Mysore.
Links: 1. Jaimini Bharata
- vaachana & vyaakyaana
by Dr.Nagavalli Nagaraj ...
2. The Jaimini Bharata :
celebrated Canarese poem.
3. Laksm¸sana Jaimini Bharata: Ondu adhyayana: Vamana D Bendre ...
‘Jaimini Bharata’, a celebrated Canarese poem, with translation and notes by Daniel
Anderson,(Wesleyan Missionary) 1852, Bangalore.
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