HARISHCHANDRA KAVYAM

 

  1. ಹರಿಶ್ಚಂದ್ರಕಾವ್ಯಂ
  2. harishchandrakAvyam
  3. The Epic Story of Harishchandra
  4. rAGavAnka (Raghavanka)
  5. 1225 A.D. (13th Century)
  6. Hampi in Bellary district
  7. Veerashaiva
  8. Devaraja of Hampi, Visited Prataparudradeva of Varangal
  9. Ubhayakavi Kamalaravi
  10. Shatpadi Kavya
  11. Vardhaka Shatpadi (Occasional Ragale)
  12. Palmleaf and Manuscript
  13. 1898 A.D.
  14. Ramanuja Iyengar M.A.
  15. Karnataka Kavya Kalanidhi, Mysore
  16. 1. Harishchandra Kavya Sangraha T.S.Venkannaiah and A.R.Krishnashastry, 1931, Mysore University, Mysore. 2. Harishchandra Kavya Ed. by N.Basavarahya and Pandit Basappa, 1955 3. Harishchandra Kavyam Ed. by Y.Nagesha Shastry and M.G.Venkateshaiah, 1957, Department of Kannada and Culture, Bangalore. 4. Raghavankana Samagra Kritigalu Kannada University, Hampi.
  17. Introduction: Harishchandra Kavya by Raghavanka is one of the most beloved classics of Kannada literature. It has been a part of the Kannada psyche over the centuries all over Karnataka. It was dissiminated among the public through the Gamaka tradition, a practice of reciting poetry in public with explicatory comments by another person whenever necessary. Kannada poetry could reach the illiterate people also through this device. Later the mantle was taken up by the proponents of the professional theatre and cinema who added their own dimensions to the original. The theme of Harishchandra dates back to vedic times and ealiest references to it are found in many puranas. The story has evolved in a pluralistic manner and it has undergone many transformations in the regional languages of India. twentieth century Kannda literature also contains many such instances. (Satyayana Harischandra by P.T.Narasimhachar)Harishchandra is caught on the horns of a dilemma right from the beginning. He has to choose between truth(satya) and his loyalty to Kula. (Caste) The ordeals he is forced to endure because of a furious and persevering Vishvamitra and his wiillingness to sacrifice the wellbeing of his family and the citizens of his kingdom on the altar of truth creates a deep sense of pathos. We are moved more by the plight of Chandramathi and Rohitashva rather than the king himself. His confrontation with the outcast daughters of Vishvamitra which is full of hair splitting arguements does not really make us empathise with him. Even though the modern reader is aware of the fact that the poet is on the side of Harishchandra his sympathies lie on the other side of the fence. The sociopolitical issues apart, the narration and the dramatic quality of the work is beyond dispute and Raghavanaka gives us a perfect blend of Sanskrit and medeival Kannada in this work. The portrayal of the characters of Harishchandra, Vishvamitra, Chandramathi, Nakshatrka and Veerabahuka have become a part of the Kannada culture. Certain incidents such as the quarrel between Vashishta and Vishvamitra, The meeting of Harishchandra and the out cast dauhters of Vishvamitra, the relinquishing of the throne by Harishchandra, the death of Rohitashva and the suffering of Chandramathi have lingerd in the culture of Karnataka for more than eight centuries.
  18. References: 1. Harishchandra Kavya- Samskritika Mukhamukhi, Ed. Shivananda Viraktamath, Kannada University, Hampi 3. Sathyasadhaka Harishchandra, Parisheelane, G.S.Shivarudrappa 4. Mahakavi Raghavanka, Kavi Kavya Vimarshe by R.C. Hiremath, 1966, Sharadamandira, Mysore.
  19. Links
    1. Translations: 1. Raghavanka Trns by Narasimhamurthy K. [Ancient Indian Literature volume 1, Ed. T.R.S. Sharma, Sahitya Academy, New Delhi, 2000

 

 

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